Base angles theorem 

The base angles theorem states that if the sides of a triangle are congruent (Isosceles triangle)then the angles opposite these sides are congruent

Start with the following isosceles triangle. The two equal sides are shown with one red mark and the angles opposites to these sides are also shown in red

Base angle

The strategy is to draw the perpendicular bisector from vertex C to segment AB

Then use SAS postulate to show that the two triangles formed are congruent

If the two triangles are congruent, then corresponding angles to will be congruent

Draw the perpendicular bisector from C

Perpendicular bisector
Since angle C is bisected,

angle (x) = angle (y)

Segment AC = segment BC ( This one was given)

Segment CF = segment CF (Common side is the same for both triangle ACF and triangle BCF)

Triangles ACF and triangle BCF are then congruent by SAS or side-angle-side

In other words, by




Since triange ACF and triangle BCF are congruent, angle A = angle B

Buy a comprehensive geometric formulas ebook. All geometric formulas are explained with well selected word problems.

Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape

Recent Articles

  1. solution word problem

    Jan 08, 16 02:23 PM

    A scientist wants to dilute a 60% acid solution by adding some 20% solution. If she starts with 80 ml of the 60% solution, how many milliliters of the

    Read More