Base angles theorem 


The base angles theorem states that if the sides of a triangle are congruent (Isosceles triangle)then the angles opposite these sides are congruent

Start with the following isosceles triangle. The two equal sides are shown with one red mark and the angles opposites to these sides are also shown in red

Base angle


The strategy is to draw the perpendicular bisector from vertex C to segment AB

Then use SAS postulate to show that the two triangles formed are congruent

If the two triangles are congruent, then corresponding angles to will be congruent

Draw the perpendicular bisector from C

Perpendicular bisector
Since angle C is bisected,

angle (x) = angle (y)

Segment AC = segment BC ( This one was given)

Segment CF = segment CF (Common side is the same for both triangle ACF and triangle BCF)

Triangles ACF and triangle BCF are then congruent by SAS or side-angle-side

In other words, by

AC-angle(x)-CF

and

BC-angle(y)-CF

Since triange ACF and triangle BCF are congruent, angle A = angle B


Buy a comprehensive geometric formulas ebook. All geometric formulas are explained with well selected word problems.






Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape

Recent Articles

  1. Number Theory Test

    Jul 28, 16 02:47 PM

    Comprehensive number theory test to see how well you understand number theory

    Read More



New math lessons

* indicates required

Your email is safe with us. We will only use it to inform you about new math lessons.

What
job title, keywords
Where
city, state, zip
jobs by job search