Basic operations

There are 4 basic operations. The graphic organizer below shows what these operations are along with some other important terms.

Basic OperationsThe 4 Basic Operations

Basic operations key terms explained


Addends:  the numbers being added.

Sum: the answer to the addition problem.


Minuend: the number you are subtracting from.

Subtrahend: the number that is to be subtracted from the minuend.

Difference : the answer to the subtraction problem.


Factors: the numbers being multiplied.

Product: the answer to the multiplication problem.


Dividend: the number you need to divide.

Divisor: the number you will use to divide.

Quotient: the answer to the division problem.

Remainder: a leftover when the dividend could not be divided evenly.

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