
Union of sets
This lesson will explain how to find the union of sets. We will start with a definition of the union of two sets
Definition:
Given two sets A and B, the union is the set that contains elements or objects that belong to either A or to B or to both
We write A È B
Basically, we find A È B by putting all the elements of A and B together. We next illustrate with examples
Example #1.
Let A = {1 orange, 1 pinapple, 1 banana, 1 apple} and B = { 1 spoon, 1 knife, 1 fork}
A È B = {1 orange, 1 pinapple, 1 banana, 1 apple, 1 spoon, 1 knife, 1 fork}
Example #2.
Find the union of A and B
A = { 1, 2, 4, 6} and B = { 4, a, b, c, d, f}
A È B = { 1, 2, 4, 6, 4, a, b, c, d, f} = { 1, 2, 4, 6, a, b, c, d, f }
Notice that it is perfecly ok to write 4 once or twice
Example #3.
A = { x / x is a number bigger than 4 and smaller than 8}
B = { x / x is a positive number smaller than 7}
A = { 5, 6, 7} and B = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
A È B = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7}
Or A È B = { x / x is a number bigger than 0 and smaller than 8}
Again, notice that 5 and 6 were written only once although it would be perfectly ok to write them twice
Example #4.
A = { x / x is a country in Asia}
B = { x / x is a country in Africa}
A È B = {x / x is a country in Asia and Africa} = { all countries in Asia and Africa}
Technically, using the definition, we should have said A È B = {x / x is a country in either Asia or Africa or both countries}
However, in real life, this is not the way we talk. By saying all countries in Asia and Africa, it is usually unterstood in daily conversations that
we are talking about all countries in Asia and all countries in Africa
Example #5.
A = {#, %, &, * , $ }
B = { }
A È B = {#, %, &,* , $}
You may have definitely noticed that the union of sets is simply found by putting the elements of the sets together, preferably without repetition.
Definition of the union of three sets:
Given three sets A, B, and C the union is the set that contains elements or objects that belong to either A, B, or to C or to all three
We write A È B È C
Basically, we find A È B È C by putting all the elements of A, B, and C together.
A = { 1, 2, 4, 6}, B = { a, b, c,} and C = A = {#, %, &, * , $ }
A È B È C = { 1, 2, 4, 6, a, b, c,#, %, &, * , $ }
The graph below shows the shaded region for the union of two sets
The graph below shows the shaded region for the union of three sets
This ends the lesson about union of sets. If you have any questions about the union of sets, I will be more than happy to answer them.

