Investing in bondsInvesting in bonds is just like investing in stocks. Bonds are sold on the market. They are commonly known as "fixed income" securities. When corporations or the government are trying to raise money, they sell those at a price lower than the face value. The face value is just the original price shown on the security certificate. The price you pay for them is given as a percent of the face value Any interest you receive is based on the face value. The following explains how we can use skills such as percents to solve such problems. Example #1: Find the cost of 4,000 worth of fixed income, which sold for 80% Cost of Bond = Face value × Percent of Face Cost of Bond = 4000 × 0.80 Cost of Bond = 3200 The cost is then 3200 How much interest will they pay you if the annual interest is 4%? Interest = Face Value × Annual Rate Interest = 4000 × 0.04 Interest = 160 The interest you will receive is 160 Example #2: Find the cost of 10,000 worth of bonds, which sold for 75% Cost of Bond = Face value × Percent of Face Cost of Bond = 10,000 × 0.75 Cost of Bond = 7500 The cost is then 7500 How much interest will they pay you if the annual interest is 3%? Interest = Face Value × Annual Rate Interest = 10000 × 0.03 Interest = 300 The interest you will receive is 300





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