Addition in base five
Addition in base five is similar to addition in base 10 and it is not complicated once you understand the basics
Base 10 uses 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9
Base 5 uses 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4
Adding in base 10:
7 + 5 = 12 = 10 + 2
The 2 is put in the place value where you are adding 7 and 5
The 10 is carried over to the next place value on the left of 7 and 5
Usually, we use 1 to represent the 10
Now, if the number is less than 10, just write it down in the same place where you are doing the addition
Nothing really has changed when adding in base five
For example, if 4 and 3 are already in base 5 and you want to add them, what would you do?
4 + 3 = 7 = 5 + 2
Put 2 in the same place as 4 and 3
Carry the 5 over to the next place value on the left of 4 and 3
Again, we use 1 to represent the 5
Let's practice now with some examples
Example #1:Addition in base five with no carry
To avoid confusion with base 10, we put a 5 next to each number
However, it is clear to you that the addition is being done in base five, there is no need to write down the 5
Add: 221
_{5} + 123
_{5}
2 2 1_{5}
1 2 3_{5}
_______________________
3 4 4_{5}
Notice that the addition above was easy since there
Example #2:Addition in base five with carry
Add: 432
_{5} + 341
_{5}
1 1
4 3 2_{5}
3 4 1_{5}
___________________________
1 3 2 3_{5}
Explanation:
2 + 1 = 3. It is less than 5, so there is no carry. Just write 3 down
4 + 3 = 7 = 5 + 2
Write 2 down and carry a 5. However, use 1 to represent 5 just like in base 10
1 + 4 + 3 = 8 = 5 + 3
Write 3 down and carry a 1 again
The last one all the way to the left that was carried over can be brought down now.
Example #3: With carry
Add: 124214
_{5} + 403312
_{5}
1 1 1 1
1 2 4 2 1 4_{5}
4 0 3 3 1 2_{5}
_____________________________________________
1 0 3 3 0 3 1_{5}
Explanation:
4 + 2 = 6 = 5 + 1. Put 1 down and carry 1
1 + 1 + 1 = 3. Put 3 down
2 + 3 = 5 = 5 + 0. Write 0 down and carry a 1
1 + 4 + 3 = 8 = 5 + 3. Write 3 down and carry a 1
1 + 2 + 0 = 3. Write 3 down.
1 + 4 = 5 = 5 + 0. Write 0 down and carry a 1
The last one all the way to the left that was carried over can be brought down now.