System of linear equationsSystem of linear equations can arise naturally from many real life examples. Moreover, a system of equations is a set of two or more equations that must be solved at the same time For this reason, a system could also be called simultaneous equations. The word simultaneous means "occuring at the same time" I will only provide you with real life examples that lead to a system of linear equations and how to set up the system. Then, you will be ready to solve a system of equations using one of the three methods. Example #1 The sum of two numbers is twenty and their difference is ten. What are the two numbers? Here is how to set up the system: Let x be the first number Let y be the second number Then, x + y = 20 x − y = 10 You can also write: x + y = 20 y − x = 10 You will get the same answers except that the values for x and y will be swapped Example #2 You have 24 coins in your pockets that are worth 4.50 dollars. How many coins are quarters? How many coins are dimes? Here is how to set it up: Let q be the number of quarters Let d be the number of dimes Then, q + d = 24 25 × q + 10 × d = 450 The second equation is tricky. How did we get it? Since 1 quarter equal to 25 cents, q quarter equal to 25 × q If you had 6 quarters and you wanted to know how many cents are there for the 6 quarters, would you not do 6 × 25? Just say to yourself that now instead of 6 quarters you have q quarters. Does that make sense? In a similar way, since 1 dime equal to 10 cents, d dimes equal 10 × d What about the 450? 4.50 dollars times 100 = 450 cents Finally, since 25 × q represents how many cents you have for quarters and 10 × d represents how many cents you have for dimes, adding them should equal to the total of 450 cents Example #3 A cell phone plan offers 300 free minutes for a flat fee of 20 dollars. If your usage exceed 300 minutes, you pay 50 cents for each minute. A second cell phone plan offers 500 free minutes for a flat fee of 30 dollars. If your usage exceed 400 minutes, you pay 30 cents for each minute Model the cost of both plan with a system. Here is how to set up the system: Let x be the number of minutes you talk Let y be the cost y = 20 + 0.50 x y = 30 + 0.30 x Minus 0.50x from both sides in the first equation . Minus 0.30 x from both sides in the second equation We get: y − 0.50 x = 20 y − 0.30 x = 30 Now go to the lessons below to learn how to solve a system of linear equations. I have also included a system of linear equations solver Elimination method Substitution method System of linear equations solver Have Great System of Linear Equations Word Problem?Type the problem and show us how you solve it! Other system of linear equations visitors have solved.Click below to see contributions from other visitors to this page...
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