The most difficult concept with multiplication in base five is to master how to carry numbers.
Study the following two multiplications carefully. The one on the right is the multiplication in base five.
8 6 4 × 3 6 _____________ |
3 4 3_{5} × 2 4_{5} ______________ |
5 3 2 8 6 4 × 3 6 __________ 5 1 8 4 |
3 3 2 3 4 3_{5} × 2 4_{5} ___________ 3 0 3 2_{5} |
Step 1: 6 × 4 = 24. 24 = 10 + 10 + 4 You have 2 tens to carry. Write 4 down in the ones place. Carry 2 tens by putting 2 in the tens place (Shown in red) |
Step 1: 4 × 3 = 12. 12 = 5 + 5 + 2 You have 2 fives to carry. Write 2 down in the ones place. Carry 2 fives by putting 2 in the fives place (Shown in red) |
Step 2: 6 × 6 = 36. 36 + 2 = 38 tens 38 tens = 10 tens + 10 tens + 10 tens + 8 tens = 100 + 100 + 100 + 80 = 100 + 100 + 100 + 8 tens You have 3 hundreds to carry. Write 8 down in the tens place and carry 3 hundreds by putting 3 in the hundreds place (Shown in green) |
Step 2: 4 × 4 = 16. 16 + 2 = 18 fives 18 fives = 5 fives + 5 fives + 5 fives + 3 fives = 25 + 25 + 25 + 15 = 25 + 25 + 25 + 3 fives You have 3 twenty-fives to carry. Write 3 down in the fives place and carry 3 twenty-fives by putting 3 in the twenty-fives place (Shown in green) |
Step 3: 6 × 8 = 48. 48 + 3 = 51 hundreds 51 hundreds = 10 hundreds + 10 hundreds + 10 hundreds + 10 hundreds + 10 hundreds + 1 hundred = 1000 + 1000 + 1000 + 1000 + 1000 + 100 = 1000 + 1000 + 1000 + 1000 + 1000 + 1 hundred You have 5 thousands to carry. Write 1 down in the hundreds place and carry 5 thousands by putting 5 in the thousands place (Shown in black) Bring down the 5 in the thousands place |
Step 3: 4 × 3 = 12. 12 + 3 = 15 twenty-fives 15 twenty-fives = 5 twenty-fives + 5 twenty-fives + 5 twenty-fives + 0 twenty-five = 125 + 125 + 125 + 0 = 125 + 125 + 125 + 0 twenty-five You have 3 one hundred twenty-fives to carry. Write 0 down in the twenty fives place and carry 3 one hundred twenty-fives by putting 3 in the one hundred twenty-five place (Shown in black) Bring down the 3 in the one hundred twenty-fives place. Notice again the 0 in the twenty-fives place. |
2 1 1 8 6 4 × 3 0 ________________ 2 5 9 2 0 |
1 1 1 3 4 3_{5} × 2 0_{5} _______________ 1 2 4 1 0_{5} |
Step 4: 3 × 4 = 12 tens. 12 tens = 10 tens + 2 tens = 100 + 2 tens Carry 1 hundred by putting 1 in the hundreds place (Shown in red) Write 2 down in the tens place. Since there is nothing in the ones place, just put a 0. |
Step 4: 2 × 3 = 6 fives. 6 fives = 5 fives + 1 five = 25 + 1 five Carry 1 twenty five by putting 1 in the twenty-fives place (Shown in red) Write 1 down in the fives place. Since there is nothing in the ones place, just put a 0. |
Step 5: 3 × 6 = 18 hundreds. 18 hundreds + 1 hundred = 19 hundreds 19 hundreds = 10 hundreds + 9 hundreds = 1000 + 9 hundreds Write 9 down in the hundreds place and carry 1 thousand by putting 1 in the thousand place (Shown in green) |
Step 5: 2 × 4 = 8 twenty-fives. 8 twenty-fives + 1 twenty-five = 9 twenty-fives 9 twenty-fives = 5 twenty-fives + 4 twenty-fives = 125 + 4 twenty-fives Write 4 down in the twenty-fives place and carry 1 one hundred twenty-five by putting 1 in the one hundred twenty-five place (Shown in green) |
Step 6: 3 × 8 = 24 thousands. 24 thousands + 1 thousand = 25 thousands 25 thousands = 10 thousands + 10 thousands + 5 thousands = 10000 + 10000 + 5 thousands Write 5 down in the thousands place and carry 2 ten thousands by putting 2 in the ten thousands place (Shown in black) Bring the 2 down in the ten thousands place |
Step 6: 2 × 3 = 6 one hundred twenty-fives. 6 one hundred twenty-fives + 1 one hundred twenty five = 7 one hundred twenty-fives 7 one hundred twenty-fives = 5 one hundred twenty-fives + 2 one hundred twenty-five = 625 + 2 one hundred twenty-five Write 2 down in the one hundred twenty-fives place and carry 1 six hundred twenty-five by putting 1 in the six hundred twenty-five place (Shown in black) |