The population distribution is the probability distribution using all elements of a population.
Suppose there are 5 students in a math class and their scores on the final exam are the followings:
80 85 85 90 92
The 5 scores above are the scores for the population since we are using all 5 scores.
Let x be the score of a student. We can make a frequency distribution table of scores as shown in the table below.
x | f | Relative Frequency |
80 | 1 | 1/5 = 0.20 |
85 | 2 | 2/5 = 0.40 |
90 | 1 | 1/5 = 0.20 |
92 | 1 | 1/5 = 0.20 |
5 | Sum = 1 |
Here is the population probability distribution
x | P(x) |
80 | 0.20 |
85 | 0.40 |
90 | 0.20 |
92 | 0.20 |
ΣP(x) =1 |
μ = ΣxP(x) = 80 × 0.20 + 85 × 0.40 + 90 × 0.20 + 92 × 0.20 = 86.4
μ is a population parameter and it gives the average grade for the population distribution.
The value of μ or 86.4 is fixed or constant. In other words, there is only 1 value of the population mean.
Aug 16, 22 04:10 AM