# Properties of congruence

The three properties of congruence are the reflexive property of congruence, the symmetric property of congruence, and the transitive property of congruence. These properties can be applied to segment, angles, triangles, or any other shape.

**Reflexive property of congruence**
The meaning of the reflexive property of congruence is that a segment, an angle, a triangle, or any other shape is always congruent or equal to itself.

**Examples**
AB ≅

AB (Segment AB is congruent or equal to segment AB)

∠A ≅ ∠A (Angle A is congruent or equal to angle A)

**Symmetric property of congruence**
The meaning of the symmetric property of congruence is that if a figure (call it figure A) is congruent or equal to another figure (call it figure B), then figure B is also congruent or equal to figure A.

**Examples**
If

AB ≅

CD, then

CD ≅

AB
If ∠A ≅ ∠B , then ∠B ≅ ∠A

**Transitive property of congruence**
The meaning of the transitive property of congruence is that if a figure (call it figure A) is congruent or equal to another figure (call it figure B) and figure B is also congruent to another figure (call it C) , then figure A is also congruent or equal to figure C.

**Examples**
If

AB ≅

CD and

CD ≅

EF, then

AB ≅

EF
If ∠A ≅ ∠B and ∠B ≅ ∠C, then
∠A ≅ ∠C

Naming the properties of congruence that justify the statements below.

If

XY ≅

ZW, then

ZW ≅

XY This is the symmetric property of congruence.

∠RTS ≅ ∠RTS This is the reflexive property of congruence.

If

GF ≅

ST and

ST ≅

WU, then

GF ≅

WU This is the transitive property of congruence.

## Applying the properties of congruence to other shapes

**Reflexive property**
△ABC ≅

△ABC (A triangle is always congruent or equal to itself)

**Symmetric property**
If

▭ABCD ≅

▭EFGH, then

▭EFGH ≅

▭ABCD

Rectangle ABCD could be the shape of your backyard and rectangle EFGH could be the shape of neighbor's backyard.

## A little exercise about the properties of congruence

Try to complete each statement using the given property

Reflexive property of congruence

∠UGD ≅ ?

Symmetric property of congruence

If

SE ≅

PO, then ? ≅ ?

Transitive property of congruence

If ∠S ≅ ∠T and ∠ ? ≅ ∠U, then
∠ ? ≅ ∠ ?