by Alison Bazel

**Problem**

A sugar cookie recipe calls for 4 1/2 cups of sugar. Alison wants to make 2/3 of the normal amount of sugar. How much sugar will Alison use in her recipe?**Solution**

To find the amount of sugar Alison will need, you need to multiply.

But first, you convert 4 1/2 cups of sugar to 9/2. You get 9/2 by multiplying the denominator, 2, by the whole number, 4 (which equals 8).

Next you will add the 8 to the numerator, 1. That will give you 9. Lastly, you keep the denominator of the fraction from the mixed number, which is 2. That gives you 9/2.

Now you will multiply 9/2 by 2/3. You can do 9 × 2 and 2 × 3, but you can do it with simpler numbers so the multiplication is easier for you. **You can do something called cross simplifying.**

First, to cross simplify, you will see if the opposite fractions' numerator and denominator go into each other.

For example, the denominator of 2/3, 3, goes into 9 three times. So you can cross out nine and replace it to three. But then you have to do the same with the opposite denominator.

3 goes into 3 once, so you would cross off the three and replace it with one. You can do the same with the other numerator and denominator as well.

Both the numerator and denominator would be simplified to one. Now, all you have to do is multiply 3 × 1 and 1 × 1.

Your answer should be 3.

So, Alison will use three cups of sugar instead of 4 1/2.