What is adjusted gross income? The adjusted gross income, also called AGI, is the sum of all incomes earned during a year minus any adjustments to income.
As shown in the figure above, the sum of all incomes could include the followings:
The adjustments to income could include the followings:
Example #1:
In 2009, Peter earned 15,000 USD working part time as a taxi driver. He also earned 200 dollars a week working as a math tutor for 20 weeks. Finally, peter earned 50 dollars of interest income from a saving account. His educator expenses were 500 dollars and he also received a housing deduction in the amount of 2500 dollars.
What is Peter's adjusted gross income?
Earnings = weekly earning × number of weeks worked
Earnings = 200 × 20 = 4,000
Total income = wages + interest income
Total income = 15,000 + 4000 + 50
Total income = 19,050 USD
Adjustments to income = educator expenses + housing deduction
Adjustments to income = 500 + 2500
Adjustments to income = 3000
Adjusted gross income = total income - adjustments to income
Adjusted gross income = 19050 - 3000
Adjusted gross income = 16050
Example #2:
In 2016, William earned 80,000 USD in real states investment. He also earned 50,000 dollars in annuities and 20,000 of interest income. Finally, William made 100,000 dollars with his website selling educational software. William paid a total of 100,000 dollars in alimony and he received a deduction of 12000 dollars in self-employed health insurance.
What is William's adjusted gross income?
Total income = real states income + annuities + business income + interest income
Total income = 80,000 + 50,000 + 100,000 + 20,000
Total income= 250,000 USD
Adjustments to income = alimony paid + self-employed health insurance deduction
Adjustments to income = 100000 + 12000
Adjustments to income = 112000
Adjusted gross income = total income - adjustments to income
Adjusted gross income = 250000 - 112000
Adjusted gross income = 138000
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