Base angles theorem
The base angles theorem states that if the sides of a triangle are congruent (Isosceles triangle)then the angles opposite these sides are congruent.
Start with the following isosceles triangle. The two equal sides are shown with one red mark and the angles opposites to these sides are also shown in red
The strategy is to draw the perpendicular bisector from vertex C to segment AB
Then use SAS postulate
to show that the two triangles formed are congruent
If the two triangles are congruent, then corresponding angles to will be congruent
Draw the perpendicular bisector from C
Since angle C is bisected,
angle (x) = angle (y)
Segment AC = segment BC ( This one was given)
Segment CF = segment CF (Common side is the same for both triangle ACF and triangle BCF)
Triangles ACF and triangle BCF are then congruent by SAS or side-angle-side
In other words, by
Since triange ACF and triangle BCF are congruent, angle A = angle B
Buy a comprehensive geometric formulas ebook. All geometric formulas are explained with well selected word problems.
May 19, 19 09:20 AM
Basic math review game - The one and only math adventure game online. Embark on a quest to solve math problems!
New math lessons
Your email is safe with us. We will only use it to inform you about new math lessons.