Basic math glossaryP
Basic math glossaryP define words beginning with the letter P
Parallel lines: Lines that never intersect or cross one another on a plane.
Parallelogram: A quadrilateral with two pairs of equal and parallel sides.
Partial product: In a multiplication problem with at least two digits, it is the answer obtained when we multiply a digit in the first number by every digit in the other number.
Pentagon : A polygon with 5 sides.
Percent: Part per one hundred.
Percentage: The answer obtained after a number is multiplied by a percent.
Perimeter: The distance around the outside of a closed figure
Perpendicular lines: Lines that form 4 right angles when they meet or intersect.
Pi: The ratio of the perimeter of a circle to the diameter.
Pictograph: A graph that make use of pictures to display information.
Pint:. A measure of liquid capacity that is equal to 16 fluid ounces
Place value: The value of the place of a digit in a number.
Plane: A flat surface that extends forever in all directions.
Point: A location in space represented by a dot.
Polygon: A closed geometric figure with at least 3 sides.
Positive integer: A whole number bigger than 0.
Power of ten: The product of multiplying ten by itself one or more times. For example, 10
^{5} is the product of multiplying 10 by itself 5 times.
Thus,10
^{5} = 10 × 10 × 10 × 10 × 10
Prefix: In the metric system, it is a set of letters placed before a unit to form new words.
Previous balance: In consumer math, it is the amount owed before a payment is made
Prime factorization: A number written as the product of its prime factors only.
Prime number: A number than can be divided evenly only by one and the number itself.
Principal: Amount borrowed or invested.
Product:. The answer to a multiplication problem
Proper fraction: A fraction with a smaller numerator than a denominator.
Proportion: two equal ratios.
Protractor: A geometric instrument used to measure or draw angles.
Pyramid: A solid figure that has triangular sides and a base that is a polygon

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