When we estimate quotients using multiples, we are not looking for an exact answer. Instead, as it says, we are looking for an estimate, or a number that is close to the real answer.
Example #1
Find two numbers the quotient of 50 ÷ 7 is between. Then estimate the quotient.
Step 1
Ask yourself, " what number multiplied by 7 is about 50? "
Instead of guessing, you can just make a table showing some possibilities. Keep in mind that the product of any counting number multiplied by 7 is a multiple.
Therefore, the table will show multiples of 7.
Notice that we stopped at 56 since 56 is bigger than 50
Counting number | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 |
Multiples of 7 | 7 | 14 | 21 | 28 | 35 | 42 | 49 | 56 |
Step 2
Use the table to find multiples of 7 closest to 50.
7 × 7 = 49
7 × 8 = 56
50 is between 49 and 56, so the answer is either 7 or 8.
50 is closest to 49, so 50 ÷ 7 is about 7.
Example #2
Find two numbers the quotient of 152 ÷ 6 is between. Then estimate the quotient.
Step 1
Ask yourself, " what number multiplied by 6 is about 152? "
Once again, instead of guessing, you can just make a table showing some possibilities. This time though, we need to play strategically and here is the reason why.
Notice that 6 × 10 = 60. This means that if we had made a table with just the first 10 counting numbers, we would still be very far away from 152. If we put counting numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and so forth, this will make the table way too big!
Therefore, instead of using counting numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and so forth, we should use 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and so forth to keep the table small.
Counting number | 10 | 15 | 20 | 25 | 30 |
Multiples of 6 | 60 | 90 | 120 | 150 | 180 |
Step 2
Use the table to find multiples of 6 closest to 152.
6 × 25 = 150
6 × 30 = 180
152 is between 150 and 180, so the answer is either 25 or 30.
152 is closest to 150, so 152 ÷ 6 is about 25.
Oct 15, 18 11:05 AM
why the rule of 72 works- math explanation of where the 72 came from.
New math lessons
Your email is safe with us. We will only use it to inform you about new math lessons.
Oct 15, 18 11:05 AM
why the rule of 72 works- math explanation of where the 72 came from.
Our Top Pages
Formula for percentage
Compatible numbers
Basic math test
Basic math formulas
Types of angles
Math problem solver
Algebra word problems
Surface area of a cube
Finding the average
Scale drawings
Everything you need to prepare for an important exam!
K-12 tests, GED math test, basic math tests, geometry tests, algebra tests.
Real Life Math Skills
Learn about investing money, budgeting your money, paying taxes, mortgage loans, and even the math involved in playing baseball.