Find here many important kindergarten math concepts taught in kindergarten. Teachers, parents, and math tutors can also use them as a guideline to illustrate a math lesson or to teach important skills.

**Above**A figure is above something if the figure is located on top of that thing.

Looking at the figure below, we see that the bowl is located above the table.

**Below**A figure is below something if the figure is located at the bottom of that thing.

Looking at the figure below, we see that the the bowl is located below the table.

**Add**When we add 3 stars to 2 stars, it is equal to five stars.

**Circle**A circle is a round plane figure. To illustrate the concept, show kids coins, bicycle wheels, pizzas, or pies.

**Numeral**

Students learn some ways to write down quantity.

A numeral is a symbol or name used to represent a number.

For example, 6, VI, and six are numerals representing the number 6.

**Triangle**

A triangle is a closed plane figure with 3 sides.

**Addend**

An addend is a number that is added to one or more numbers.

For example in 3 + 4 + 1, 4 is an addend.

There are three addends in the addition problem shown below.

**Cylinders**

To illustrate the concept, show kids candles, drink cans, pipes, or

1.5-volt Alkaline batteries.

**Sum**

The sum is the answer that you get when you add two, three, or more numbers.

The sum of 3, 4, and 1 is 8.

**Digit**

6 is a digit. 0 is a digit. However, 60 is **not a digit**! 60 is a number.

**Expression**

Kids only need to know about numerical expression. A numerical expression is a mathematical sentence that have numbers and operations. For example, 6 + 4 is a numerical expression. A numerical expression has **no equal sign**!

**Line**

A line is a long small mark made by a pencil, pen, or another object. A line has two arrows. A line has no end on the right and on the left. This is shown with arrows.

**Longer or Shorter**

The Ipad 2 is longer than the ipad mini.

The Ipad mini is shorter than the ipad 2.

**Sequence**A sequence is a list of numbers ordered in a specific way. For example, 2, 4, 6, ... is a sequence or list of numbers that is ordered by adding 2 to the previous number.

The next few numbers in the sequence below are 6, 7, 8, and 9.

**Subtract**

For example, we can subtract 1 from 4 to get 3.

4 - 1 = 3

**Taller/Shorter**

Looking at the figure below, the man on the right is taller than the man on the left. The man on the left is shorter than the man on the right.

**Place value**

For 26, the place value of 2 is 20 and the place value of 6 is 6.

**Equation**

An equation has an equal sign. For example, 8 + 4 = 12 is an equation.

**Decompose a number**

For example, we can decompose 36 into 30 + 4.

**Difference**

The difference is the answer that you get when you subtract one number from another number. For example, the difference of 8 and 3 is 5.

Less than

For example, 3 is less than 9. Looking at the figure below, we see that there are less soccer balls than tennis balls.

Heavier and lighter

The ball on the left is heavier than the ball on the right. The ball on the right is lighter than the ball on the left.

Greater than

For example, 10 is greater than 4. In the figure below, there are more tennis balls than soccer balls.

Spheres

To illustrate the concept, show kids a soccer ball, marbles, or the Moon.

Classify

Examples of a cone

To illustrate the concept, show kids ice cream cones, or traffic cones.

Sorting shapes

Put things that are the same in the same basket.

Length

The length refers to how long something is. The length of the soccer ball is 2 units.

**Quantity**

Count the number of pencils one-by-one to get the quantity. If you count the pencils shown below, the quantity is 5.

**Equal to**

For example, 15 is equal to 15 (15 = 15).

The number of pencils is equal to the number of soccer balls.

**1.** Make sure that students understand most of the math skills above taught in kindergarten math. If you would like to measure their understanding of math skills taught in kindergarten math, please check this kindergarten math test.

**2.** These kindergarten math concepts are in line with kindergarten math common core state standards.