This lesson will teach you 3 methods for finding the least common multiple(LCM) of two whole numbers. We will start with a definition of the word multiple.
The multiples of a number are the answers that you get when you multiply that number by the whole numbers except 0.
Remember that the whole numbers are all numbers from 0 to infinity
whole number = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8,........}
So multiply any number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8,........ to get the multiples of that number.
For instance, you get the multiples of 4 by multiplying 4 by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,....
I put the dots to show that the sets of whole numbers continues forever.
The answer is { 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, .....}
In the same way, the multiples of 9 are all the numbers that you get when you multiply 9 by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,.....
After you do that, you will get { 9, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54,....}
The LCM of two numbers is the smallest number that is a multiple for both numbers.
Method #1: Set intersection method:
Example: Find LCM of 6 and 9
First list all the multiples of 6
You get {6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 54, 60,....}
Next,list all the multiples of 9
You get {9, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, 90....}
Pull out all the common multiples or find the intersection of the two sets
The common multiples are {18, 36, 54,.....} Looking at the list of common multiples immediately above, you can see that the smallest number that is a multiple of both 6 and 9 is 18.
Of course, 36 is also a common multiple of 6 and 9. However, it is not the smallest common multiple.
Example: Find LCM of 2 and 3
Multiples of 2 are {2, 4, 6, 8, 10,....}
Multiples of 3 are {3, 6, 9, 12, 15....}
The least common multiple of 2 and 3 is 6
You can also write LCM(2,3) = 6
Method #2: My teacher's method: find LCM( 6, 9) and LCM (120, 180)
Technique:
Start by dividing each number by 2. (If 2 does not work, start with 3 instead, and so forth)
Keep dividing by 2 until 2 does not work anymore
When 2 does not work anymore, divide by 3
When 3 does not work anymore, divide by 4
Keep doing this until you can no longer divide
LCM = The product of all the numbers on the left of the red line.
Take the quiz below to see how well you understand the LCM.
Nov 15, 18 05:01 PM
Modeling multiplication with number counters - Learning multiplication is fun!
New math lessons
Your email is safe with us. We will only use it to inform you about new math lessons.
Nov 15, 18 05:01 PM
Modeling multiplication with number counters - Learning multiplication is fun!
Our Top Pages
Formula for percentage
Compatible numbers
Basic math test
Basic math formulas
Types of angles
Math problem solver
Algebra word problems
Surface area of a cube
Finding the average
Scale drawings
Everything you need to prepare for an important exam!
K-12 tests, GED math test, basic math tests, geometry tests, algebra tests.
Real Life Math Skills
Learn about investing money, budgeting your money, paying taxes, mortgage loans, and even the math involved in playing baseball.