Relationship between degrees and radians

To obtain a relationship between degrees and radians, we can compare the number of degrees in one complete rotation and the number of radians in one complete rotation.

Relationship between degrees and radians

The number of degrees in one complete rotation is equal to 360 degrees.

In degrees, θ = 360 degrees

The radian measure of this central angle or θ can be found by using the formula for radian measure or θ = s / r with s = length of the intercepted arc.

In a complete rotation, the length of the intercepted arc is equal to the circumference of the circle or 2πr.

θ = s / r = circumference of the circle / r = 2πr / r = 2π = 2π radians

Because in one complete rotation θ measures 360 degrees or 2π radians, 360 degrees = 2π radians

After Dividing both sides by 2, we get 180 degrees  = π radians

Dividing the equation 180 degrees  = π radians by 180 degrees or π gives the following conversion rules.

To convert radians to degrees, multiply radians by

180 degrees / π radians

To convert degrees to radians, multiply degrees by 

π radians / 180 degrees 

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