Volume of a cone

Given the radius or r and the height or h, the volume of a cone can be found by using the formula:

Formula: Vcone = 1/3 × b × h
Cone image
b is the area of the base of the cone. Since the base is a circle, area of the base = π × r2

Thus, the formula to use to find the volume is Vcone = 1/3 × π × r2 × h

Use π = 3.14

Some examples that will show how to find the volume of a cone.

Example #1:

Calculate the volume if r = 2 cm and h = 3 cm

Vcone = 1/3 × 3.14 × 22 × 3

Vcone = 1/3 × 3.14 × 4 × 3

Vcone = 1/3 × 3.14 × 12

Vcone = 1/3 × 37.68

Vcone = 1/3 × 37.68/1

Vcone = (1 × 37.68)/(3 × 1)

Vcone = 37.68/3

Vcone = 12.56 cm3


Example #2:

Calculate the volume if r = 4 cm and h = 2 cm

Vcone = 1/3 × 3.14 × 42 × 2

Vcone = 1/3 × 3.14 × 16 × 2

Vcone = 1/3 × 3.14 × 32

Vcone = 1/3 × 100.48

Vcone = 1/3 × 100.48/1

Vcone = (1 × 100.48)/(3 × 1)

Vcone = 100.48/3

Vcone = 33.49 cm3

An example showing how to find the volume of an oblique cone.

Since the formula to find the volume of a cone applies to all cones, including oblique cone, we can use the formula V = 1/3(π×r2×h)

Example #3:

Find the volume of an oblique cone with a diameter of 12 ft and a height of 15 ft. Before using the formula, we need to find the radius of the cone. 

radius = diameter/2 = 12/2 = 6

Voblique cone = 1/3 × 3.14 × 62 × 15

Voblique cone = 1/3 × 3.14 × 36 × 15

Voblique cone = 1/3 × 3.14 × 540

Voblique cone = 1/3 × 1695.6

Voblique cone = 1/3 × 1695.6/1

Voblique cone = (1 × 1695.6)/(3 × 1)

Voblique cone = 1695.6/3

Voblique cone = 565.2 ft3


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