Multiplying mixed numbers!
Multiplying mixed numbers is what you will learn here with some easy to follow examples.
A mixed number, also called mixed fraction, is any number that has the following format:
The reason it is called mixed is because it is a mixture of a whole number and a proper fraction.
In our example, the whole number is 9.
The proper fraction is
3
/
4
Converting a mixed number into an improper fraction.
It is extremely important to convert a mixed number into an improper fraction before doing the multiplication.
We show you next how to convert a mixed number into an improper fraction using the mixed number above.
Step 1. Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction: (9 × 4 = 36)
Step 2. Add the result of step 1 to the numerator of the fraction: (36 + 3 = 37)
Step 3. Your numerator is the answer of step 2. Your denominator stays the same.
Step 4. Finally, simplify the improper fraction you found in step 3 if needed.
Now, you are ready to multiply mixed numbers with a couple of good examples.
Examples about multiplying mixed numbers
If you did not understand the examples in the figure above, just keep reading.
Rewrite each mixed number as an improper fraction by following the steps outlined above.
Step 1. Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction: (2 × 6 = 12)
Step 2. Add the result of step 1 to the numerator of the fraction: (12 + 1 = 13)
Step 3. Your numerator is the answer of step 2. Your denominator stays the same.
The fraction is
13
/
6
and it is already in simplest form
Step 1. Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction: (4 × 2 = 8)
Step 2. Add the result of step 1 to the numerator of the fraction: (8 + 3 = 11)
Step 3. Your numerator is the answer of step 2. Your denominator stays the same.
The fraction is
11
/
2
and it is already in simplest form
Now just multiply the fractions. Do this by multiplying the numerators together and the denominators together.
Sometimes, teachers or textbooks may ask you to write your answer as a mixed number. So feel free to rewrite 143/12 as a mixed number
Sometimes, teachers or textbooks may ask you to write your answer as a mixed number. So feel free to rewrite 143/12 as a mixed number
Example #2:
Convert the mixed numbers
Example #2:
Convert the mixed numbers
Sometimes, multiplying mixed numbers is a piece of cake with some good observations. If you had noticed that 40 divided by 5 is 8 and 15 divided by 3 is 5.
You can just multiply 8 and 5 to get 40.
Looking at the example #2 again.
Noticed that 5 divided by 5 is 1 and 3 divided by 3 is 1.
Remember that between a whole number and a fraction, there is always a + sign.
The problem just becomes 7 + 1 × 4 + 1 = 8 × 5 = 40