When someone pays or receives simple interest (I), he or she pays or receives interest on the principal only, not on the interest that has already been paid. To find the interest you can use the following formula.
Interest = Principal × Interest rate × Time = Prt
To find the simple interest, just multiply the principal amount by the annual interest rate and the time.
Regarding car loans, personal loans, and student loans, the lender may use simple interest to figure out how much interest they should charge you.
As a borrower, it is always a good idea to ask the lender how you will pay interest. You may save money and pay less interest is simple interest is used. However, as an investor, you will want them to use compound interest in order to earn as much money as possible.
Exercise #1:
Compute the interest if the principal amount is 2000 dollars at a rate of interest of 5% for 4 years.
I = p × r × t
p = 2000, r = 5%, and t = 4
Interest = 2000 × 5% × 4
Interest = 2000 × 0.05 × 4
Interest = 100 × 4 = 400
After 4 years, the simple interest on a 2000 principal is 400 dollars.
Exercise # 2
Suppose you inherited a lump sum of 2 millions dollars. Compute the interest if the principal amount is 2,000,000 dollars at a rate of interest of 4% for a year.
I = p × r × t
p = 2000,000, r = 4%, and t = 1
Interest = 2,000,000 × 4% × 1
Interest = 2,000,000 × 0.04 × 1
Interest = 80,000 × 1 = 80,000
If you have 2 millions dollars and your bank pays you 4% interest every year, you will earn 80,000 dollars every year.
Great, you can perhaps quit your day time job!
Exercise # 3
Compute the interest if the principal is 100 dollars at a rate of interest of 2% for 10 years.
I = p × r × t
p = 100, r = 2%, and t = 10
Interest = 100 × 2% × 10
Interest = 100 × 0.02 × 10
Interest = 2 × 10 = 20
With so little money invested and such low interest, 10 years investment gives you a mere 20 dollars. It is hard to imagine that some banks do not even give a rate of 2%. You may for instance get an interest rate of 0.05% from Bank of America. This might turn out to be a waste of time!
End balance = money invested + simple interest
Let P be the money invested
End balance = P + Prt
End balance = P(1 + rt)
Exercise # 4
The end balance of an auto loan after 5 years is 38150. Find the price of the car if the annual interest is 1.8 %.
Use r = 1.8% = 1.8/100 = 0.018
Use t = 5
End balance = P + Prt
38150 = P(1 + 0.018 × 5)
38150 = P(1 + 0.09)
38150 = P(1.09)
38150 / 1.09 = P
P = 35000
The price of the car is $35000.
Exercise # 5
Find the annual percentage rate (APR) if the amount of money you invested in a company has doubled after 8 years.
Let P be the initial principal or the amount that you invested.
Then, the end balance is 2P.
End balance = P(1 + rt)
2P = P(1 + 8r)
2 = 1 + 8r
2 - 1 = 8r
1 = 8r
1/8 = r
r = 0.125
r = 12.5%
The APR is 12.5%
Exercise # 6
How long does it take to get a total interest of $5760 if the principal is $16000 and the interest rate is 3%.
Interest = Principal × Interest rate × Time
5760 = 16000 × 3% × Time
5760 = 16000 × 0.03 × Time
5760 = 480 × Time
Time = 5760 / 480
Time = 12 years
Some questions are tricky. Read carefully before answering a question!
Jun 06, 23 07:32 AM
May 01, 23 07:00 AM